What is the cause of static electricity, how to prevent it?

Static electricity on the hands in autumn and winter is quite annoying. Most of this is caused by dry skin and excessive friction. Drinking more water and wiping more hand creams is necessary to relieve this symptom. Next, let’s take a look at what to do if there is always static electricity when you touch things!

What is the cause of static electricity, how to prevent it?
What is the cause of static electricity, how to prevent it?

What is static electricity?

Static electricity refers to the electric charge in a dormant state, and the electric bill in the flowing state becomes an electric current. Static electricity is formed when the order is accumulated on an object or surface. When the charge is reserved to a certain level (that is, the maximum value of the stored amount of a thing), if the electrostatic accumulation continues, the phenomenon of electrostatic discharge will occur. It’s called an electric spark.

How is static electricity formed?

The matter is composed of molecules, atoms, and atoms consisting of negatively charged electrons and positively charged protons. Under normal conditions, the number of protons in a bit is the same as the number of electrons, and the positive and negative balances are balanced, so it shows no charge to the outside world.

However, the electrons surround the nucleus, and once the external force is applied, it will derail, leaving the original atom A and invading other bits B. The A atom is positively charged due to the reduction of the number of electrons, called cation; the B atom is increased due to the increase of the number of electrons.

How is static electricity formed
How is static electricity formed?

The negatively charged phenomenon is called an anion. The unbalanced electron distribution is that the electrons are derailed by an external force, which contains various energies (such as kinetic energy, potential energy, thermal energy, chemical energy, etc.).
In daily life, static electricity can be generated when any two objects of different materials come into contact and then separate.

When two different things come into contact, one object loses some electric charge, such as electrons being transferred to the other object to make it positively charged. In contrast, the thing gains some remaining electrons, which become negatively charged. If the charge is difficult to neutralize during the separation process, the order will accumulate, and the object will be charged with static electricity.

Therefore, after the thing is separated from other objects, it will be charged with static electricity. Usually, when a plastic film is peeled off from an object, it is a typical “contact separation” electrification. The static electricity generated by undressing in daily life is also “contact separation” electrification. Solids, liquids, and even gases are electrostatically charged by contact separation.

What causes static on hands

1. Dry skin

Static electricity on the hands generally occurs in autumn and winter because the weather is dry in autumn and winter. At this time, the positive and negative electricity on the skin surface will lose balance, resulting in a difference between the positive and negative electrodes, resulting in static electricity. It is recommended to replenish the skin, which can help the skin be positive Negative charge balance.

2. Too much friction

In autumn and winter, people wear more clothes, so friction between clothes can quickly occur. It is easy to generate an electric charge in conflict, so it is easy to have static electricity when touching things with hands.

How to prevent static electricity when I touch something?

1. Hand cream

The weather is dry, and it is easy to generate static electricity. If the static electricity is severe, you can apply a layer of hand cream on your hands to avoid static electricity when you touch things with your hands.

2. Use less chemical fiber products.

In autumn and winter, try to wear fewer clothes made of chemical fiber materials because this clothing fabric does not absorb moisture and is too dry, which is very easy to generate static electricity after friction.

3. Drink more water

The body is prone to conditions, and dryness has a lot to do with it, so drink plenty of water and replenish your body with water in time, reducing the occurrence of static electricity after touching things with your hands.

4. Laundry with softener

When washing clothes in winter, you can add an appropriate amount of softener, reducing the friction between fiber fabrics, reducing surface resistance, and preventing charge accumulation, which can also play a role in preventing static electricity.

5. Wear conductive materials on your hands

In addition, you can also wear a bracelet watch with a metal shell, or a key with a metal shell, a lighter, etc. So that the metal objects on your hands can conduct electricity before touching things that are prone to static electricity and will not be affected by static electricity. Influence.

In addition, what clothes are prone to static electricity

Generally speaking, wearing clothes made of chemical fibers in winter makes it easier to generate static electricity, while cotton clothes generate less static electricity. And because the dry environment is more conducive to the transfer and accumulation of charges, people will feel that static electricity is more significant in winter.

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